Excision & Biopsy Procedures

Below is a guide to all of the excision and biopsy procedures offered by Greenville OB/GYN. Explore the topic areas, read the brief descriptions of the procedures, and click through to learn more specific information about preparing for the procedure, and what you should expect after the procedure.

It's important to note that this information is not completely comprehensive, and is intended to provide an overview of the procedure and your care. You should always have a thorough discussion with your physician prior to any procedure. Also, it's important to note that, as with any procedure, there are risks, but these procedures are generally safe. Many of the risks closely associated with these procedures are very rare; once again, you should have a more detailed conversation with your physician about the risks and benefits of each procedure.

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Excision Biopsy 

What is an excision biopsy?

An excision biopsy is a procedure for complete removal of a lump or abnormal area from the skin or other part of the body. The tissue is then sent to a lab for tests.

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Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy 

What is a laparoscopy?

A laparoscopy is a procedure in which your health care provider uses a laparoscope to treat a problem with organs or tissue inside your abdomen. A laparoscope is a thin tube with a light and tiny camera.

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Laser Vaporization 

What is laser vaporization?

Laser vaporization is the use of a laser to destroy cells, usually of the cervix, vagina or vulva that have premalignant (dysplastic) cells in them.

Why is this procedure necessary?

This procedure is necessary to destroy premalignant cells that may develop into cancerous cells if left untreated.

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LEEP/LLETZ Under Anesthesia 


LEEP is a procedure for removing a type of abnormal tissue growth in the cervix called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). It uses a thin wire loop attached to an electrical unit.

The cervix is the narrow, lower portion of the uterus. The uterus is the muscular organ at the top of the vagina. Babies develop in the uterus, and menstrual blood comes from the uterus, through the cervix.

LEEP is an abbreviation for loop electrosurgical excision procedure. It is also referred to as large look excision of the transformation zone, or LLETZ.

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Hysteroscopy with Lysis of Adhesions 

What is a hysteroscopy with lysis of adhesions?

A hysteroscopy is a procedure in which the doctor uses a hysteroscope to look at the inside of your uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin tube with a tiny camera. The uterus is the muscular organ at the top of the vagina. Babies develop in the uterus, and menstrual blood comes from the uterus. Your provider can guide a tool into the uterus to remove adhesions (bands of scar tissue) from the uterus.

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Marsupialization or Excision of Bartholin's Gland 

What is a Bartholin's gland cyst?

A Bartholin's gland cyst is a fluid-filled swelling of a Bartholin's gland. Bartholin's glands are two small glands on each side of the opening of the vagina (birth canal). These glands are called Bartholin's glands. They each have a small duct (tube) that opens to the outside. The glands produce a fluid that helps protect the tissue around the vagina and provides lubrication during sexual intercourse. Normally these glands cannot be felt or seen.

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What is myomectomy?

Myomectomy is the surgical removal of fibroids from the uterus. It allows the uterus to be left in place and, for some women, makes pregnancy more likely than before. Myomectomy is the preferred fibroid treatment for women who want to become pregnant. After myomectomy, your chances of pregnancy may be improved, but are not guaranteed.

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Resection of the Hymen 

What is resection of the Hymen?

A vulvar or vaginal excision is when the hymenal band is removed.

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Vaginal Excision 

What is vulvar or vaginal excision?

A vulvar or vaginal excision is when tissue on the vulva or vagina is removed.

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